I recently had a requirement where the Common User in a Multitenant DB environment wanted to access application tables across Pluggable Databases (PDBs) but at the same time access dictionary views across all PDBs without the need to manually switch between containers.
This was because I had to setup a monitoring user account to monitor all PDBs performance as well as application workload.
In this example I will show you how the Common User (created at CDB level) can be configured to access the application tables (create at PDB level)
Assumptions / Prerequisites:
- An existing Multitenant DB environment exists with at least one PDB (eg. CRMPDB1) created.
- A application schema exist with objects in the PDB (eg. TNAPP.APP_STATS)
And this is how you do it …
1. Connect as SYSDBA and create the Common User at CDB level
$ sqlplus / as sysdba SQL*Plus: Release 188.8.131.52.0 - Production on Tue Jul 16 01:47:56 2019 Version 184.108.40.206.0 Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle. All rights reserved. Connected to: Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 220.127.116.11.0 - Production Version 18.104.22.168.0 SQL> create user C##ADMIN identified by "WElcome12##" container = all; User created.
2. Grant the system privileges to the Common User
SQL> grant create session, create database link, create synonym to C##ADMIN container=all; Grant succeeded.
3. Switch to the PDB (eg. CRMPDB1)
SQL> ALTER SESSION SET CONTAINER=CRMPDB1; Session altered.
4. Grant the object privileges at a PDB Level to the Common User
SQL> grant select on TNAPP.APP_STATS to C##ADMIN container = current; Grant succeeded. SQL> exit
5. Connect to the Common User at CDB level and Create Database Link to PDB
$ sqlplus C##ADMIN/WElcome12## SQL*Plus: Release 22.214.171.124.0 - Production on Tue Jul 16 02:28:32 2019 Version 126.96.36.199.0 Copyright (c) 1982, 2018, Oracle. All rights reserved. Last Successful login time: Tue Jul 16 2019 02:27:47 +00:00 Connected to: Oracle Database 18c Enterprise Edition Release 188.8.131.52.0 - Production Version 184.108.40.206.0 SQL> CREATE DATABASE LINK CRMPDB1 CONNECT TO C##ADMIN IDENTIFIED BY "WElcome12##" USING 'CRMPDB1'; Database link created.
6. Create a Synonym (alias) to the Application Table (eg. APP_STATS)
SQL> CREATE OR REPLACE SYNONYM "C##ADMIN"."APP_STATS" FOR "TNAPP"."APP_STATS"@CRMPDB1; Synonym created.
7. Query the table directly to confirm you can read the data.
SQL> select count(*) from APP_STATS; COUNT(*) ---------- 1 SQL>
And Voila! You can now directly access the application table from the Common User.