In the world of cloud computing there are often multiple ways to achieve the same or similar result. In Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) logs are generated by the platform itself such as audit logs, OCI native services such as the Network Firewall Service, and custom logs from compute instances or your applications. These logs typically live in OCI logging where you can view them, or search them if required.
Collecting and storing logs is useful, however if you want to produce insights then you will need a way to analyse and visualise the log data. OCI Logging Analytics allows you to index, enrich, aggregate, explore, search, analyse, correlate, visualise and monitor all log data from your applications and system infrastructure.
From OCI logging there are two common ways in which logs can be ingested into Logging Analytics. The first is using a Service Connector to send logs to an Object Storage bucket, and an Object Collection Rule to then import the logs into Logging Analytics. The second option uses a Service Connector to send the logs directly to Logging Analytics. Both are valid options however require some consideration before use.
If you are running Oracle E-Business Suite (EBS) application today you will now be able to perform an auto discovery of all related resources in OCI Stack Monitoring. It will collect metrics specific for your EBS resources as well as ability to perform correlation across the EBS application and infrastructure stack as well as enable proactive alerting.
Components that will be auto discovered includes:
Concurrent Processing Node
Today, Stack Monitoring service supports EBS version 12.1 and 12.2 deployments hosted on OCI, On-Premise or Third Party Cloud (eg. AWS, Azure).
In the example, I will show you how you can configure Stack Monitoring for EBS version 12.2.
Oracle Cloud Agent (OCA) – This agent is deployed by default if you provision hosts via the OCI Compute Service. OCA has extensions and plugins which can be used to enable other features native to OCI Compute Services.
Management Agent (OMA) – This agent is a standalone version where you can deploy to hosts or VMs: – That do not have OCA installed on OCI eg. OCI Database Services (eg. Oracle Base VM/BM, ExaCS). – On-Premise – Third Party Cloud (AWS, Azure etc..)
Please see the current O&M support we have for each agent:
Oracle Cloud Agent (OCA)
OCI Compute VM / BM Host
Oracle Management Agent (OMA)
Other VM Host (including on-premise and 3rd party cloud)
OMA Agent Install
In previous post, I have provided steps on how you can install the Oracle Management Agent.
OCA Agent Install
For this post, let me show you how easy it is to enable the O&M services for Oracle Cloud Agent (OCA).
If you’re like me, then working in IT means you also assume Tech Support duties for friends, family, and those distant relatives that only seem to call when they’ve got a problem.
I just clicked on this link, and my computer is doing something weird. I think my PC has a virus, what do I do?
When it’s just a single computer, the answer is simple, contain and validate the rouge software is removed, install an AV solution, change their passwords, enable MFA, and provide some education on what to look out for next time.
But now imagine you’re an organisation building a new application, or are moving applications to the cloud. Are you simply performing a lift-and-shift or are you planning to make use of cloud native services? Where are you going to store your data, specifically user uploaded files? Object Storage was built specifically to solve the challenges of how to store unstructured data in the cloud.
However, there is a catch. If you were previously storing files on a server file system, then it’s likely you were also running an anti-virus / anti-malware solution to identify malicious files. With Object Storage the underlying file system is transparent, so you can’t install AV, yet many compliance requirements still state “Uploaded files must be scanned for viruses and malware”.
I’m sure we can all agree, adopting a cloud strategy is awesome. The opportunities and benefits it affords are many. However cloud governance is an ongoing problem that plagues security, compliance, and management teams, which cloud vendors like Oracle are continually trying to solve.
If you’re reading this, you’ve probably been asked, or heard at least once:
Who has access to what in our environment?
Any Security / Compliance Manager
The answer should be easy and simple. However the reality is likely lots of manual time & work, spreadsheets, and endless clicking in a cloud console. If you’re doing this manually then I agree, it’s time that you could be dedicating to more important tasks.
The challenge in trying to answer these questions:
What users exist and what groups do they belong to?
What does my OCI tenancy compartment structure look like?
What policies have users explicitly created?
What permissions do users have in my tenancy?
Are there any excessive / non-compliant policies & permissions in my tenancy?
is that these complex relationships can’t be easily represented and interpreted in a table-like format. In the OCI ecosystem:
users can be federated with an Identity Provider and can belong to one or many federated, or local IAM groups,
policies can be defined for “any-user” or for a group,
policies are inherited meaning they apply to all sub-compartments from which the policies are applied.
To make things easier I’ve created a solution using Oracle tools and services to simplify the auditing of OCI tenancies and user permissions called “Peek”.
Logs are often voluminous can be challenging to navigate through, but it can be a gold mine of valuable data to help administrators troubleshoot and identify issues or trends for operational activities.
To overcome the burden of manually eye-balling millions or (even billions) of rows in log records, bringing that data into OCI Logging Analytics(which is part of the Observability & Manageability Portfolio) will allow administrators to get quick insights, to reduce the time to isolate issues, minimising downtime and prevent impact to end users.
Service Connector Hub – Route and move data from one OCI service to Another OCI Service (eg. OCI Logging to Logging Analytics)
API Call – Collect data from files stored on Object Storage or Upload Log data on demand
Agent Based – Deployment of Agent on Host
If you have targets you want to monitor on-premise or in the cloud (OCI, AWS, Azure etc…) and you have access to the VM or Compute instance (ie. you can SSH or Remote Desktop to the host), then an Agent based method will allow you to collect and bring that data into unified platform in O&M.
In this example we will show how you can deploy Agent based method (on Linux OS) so you can leverage the O&M services including:
Java Management Service
1 – NETWORK COMMUNICATION (For External Targets to OCI)
We recommend using OCI FastConnect or IPSEC VPN
Communication Destination to OCI Tenancy – HTTPS (443)
3. Review Key and Download Key to File (eg. oci-reg-key.txt)
NOTE: Your Key File will be in the format of <Key Name>.txt. Copy it to your target host.
4. Download Agent by clicking on the Agent for your OS (eg. Agent for LINUX) and copy to your target host
Alternatively you can download the agent file using wget:
4 – INSTALL AGENT
1. Login to the host and locate the downloaded agent file oracle.mgmt_agent.rpm
$ sudo rpm -ivh oracle.mgmt_agent.rpm
Preparing... ################################# [100%]
Checking if any previous agent service exists
Checking if OS has systemd or initd
Checking available disk space for agent install
Checking if /opt/oracle/mgmt_agent directory exists
Checking if 'mgmt_agent' user exists
Checking Java version
JAVA_HOME is not set or not readable to root
Trying default path /usr/bin/java
Java version: 1.8.0_271 found at /usr/bin/java
Updating / installing...
1:oracle.mgmt_agent-201113.1621-1 ################################# [100%]
Unpacking software zip
Copying files to destination dir (/opt/oracle/mgmt_agent)
Initializing software from template
Creating 'mgmt_agent' daemon
Agent Install Logs: /opt/oracle/mgmt_agent/installer-logs/installer.log.0
Setup agent using input response file (run as any user with 'sudo' privileges)
sudo /opt/oracle/mgmt_agent/agent_inst/bin/setup.sh opts=[FULL_PATH_TO_INPUT.RSP]
Agent install successful